Classical Slavery by Moses I. Finley download in pdf, ePub, iPad
The position of the church was to condemn the slavery of Christians, but slavery was regarded as an old established and necessary institution which supplied Europe with the necessary workforce. As a result, they merged easily into the population. Within the Portuguese territory of Brazil, and even beyond its original borders, the enslavement of native Americans was carried out by the Bandeirantes. There is evidence of German, Baltic, Slavic and Latin slaves as well. It required a thousand slaves to equip merely the galleys ships of the Order.
The English and French fought each other, the Spanish and English fought each other, the French and Germans fought each other, but they were Christians. The irony is that it is Blacks who appear to have created the institution of Slavery. The kings of Dahomey sold their war captives into transatlantic slavery, who otherwise would have been killed in a ceremony known as the Annual Customs. The slave raiding across the Sahara Desert was called the trans-Saharan slave trade.
In Colonial Brazil, slavery was more a social than a racial condition. Huge profits could still be made with the slave trade. The Vikings raided across Europe, though their slave raids were the most destructive in the British Isles and Eastern Europe.
They were worked in gangs and possessed nothing to call their own. Therefore they did not enslave one another. The Knights of Malta attacked pirates and Muslim shipping, and their base became a center for slave trading, selling captured North Africans and Turks. One would think that, if free labor were actually more productive than that of slave gangs, that fact would have been discovered much earlier. The Viking slave trade slowly ended in the s, as the Vikings settled in the European territories they once raided.
The lives of slaves were normally better than that of peasants. Those who lived at that time obeyed St. But they justify it on religious grounds, not color. State slaves in the Athenian army who died during combat were even honored with a state funeral, the same as free citizens. Gilgamesh climbed up on the rampart after the officer of Unug.
The slave-masters of the Roman Empire were heirs to a tradition of labor management at least a couple of thousand years old. Informal manumission gave fewer rights. He could resist a lord attempting to take his life or one attempting to withhold the necessities of life from him and his. Slaves freed informally did not become citizens and any property or wealth they accumulated reverted to their former owners when they died.
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