How the Pro-Choice Movement Saved America by Christina Page download in pdf, ePub, iPad
The first legal restrictions on abortion appeared in the s, forbidding abortion after the fourth month of pregnancy. The pro-choice movement started more slowly in the United States. This was the prevailing standard through the Middle Ages and was codified into the old English Common Law. In the s three books written by doctors started the medical community to begin discussing a change in the abortion laws.
Since then, many organizations have been established to protect a woman's choice to terminate the life of her unborn baby, and the issue has loomed large on the political landscape. Abortion-rights groups are active in all American states and at the federal level, campaigning for legal abortion and against the reimposition of anti-abortion laws, with varying degrees of success. The Abortion Act of legalized the practice in the United Kingdom. Only a few states allow abortion without limitation or regulation, but most do allow various limited forms of abortion.
Wade where a woman challenged the Texas laws criminalizing abortion, the U. During the next two years, however, many of these laws were challenged and some were struck down.
In subsequent rulings, the Court rejected the trimester framework altogether in favor of a cutoff at the point of fetal viability cf. Wade decision, making abortion legal throughout the United States. In a sense, the history of the pro-choice movement goes back to the first abortions. The s saw two psychiatric conferences and a Planned Parenthood conference dealing with the issue.
Abortion-rights activists before the Washington Monument in Washington, D. Abortion was seen as a purely state matter, all of which had some type of restrictions. The early women's rights movement, which started in the s, did not support abortions at all.
The broad support for legalizing abortion in the s also derived from certain religious leaders. Nevertheless, the practice was a well-known but unspoken secret until the late nineteenth century.
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