Ischemic Heart Disease by Erling Falk download in pdf, ePub, iPad
Statins to control or lower cholesterol and decrease the risk of stroke or another heart attack. In early years of the condition, most people are unaware that they have it, unless they begin to develop chest pains during exercise. The heart's muscle cells may die from lack of oxygen and this is called a myocardial infarction commonly referred to as a heart attack. Lifestyle changes include eating a low fat diet, getting regular moderate exercise, losing weight and quitting smoking. People with a family history of heart disease are more likely to develop ischemic heart disease.
The goal then is to prevent ischemic heart disease from worsening, and this is done with a variety of medications. Once ischemic heart disease is diagnosed, a treatment plan begins with medication and lifestyle changes. Unstable angina may precede myocardial infarction. In other cases, this condition creates uncomfortable symptoms, which is actually a good thing since preventative treatment for the condition can begin. This procedure, commonly known as coronary angioplasty, can open a blocked artery, improve blood flow and diminish chest pain.
This surgery creates a bypass around the narrowed coronary arteries by grafting arteries or veins taken from other parts of the body to improve blood flow, stop chest pain and prevent a heart attack. Illustration depicting coronary artery disease Limitation of blood flow to the heart causes ischemia cell starvation secondary to a lack of oxygen of the heart's muscle cells. During this procedure, a small balloon is inserted to widen narrowed or blocked blood vessels of the heart and improve blood flow. Angina that changes in intensity, character or frequency is termed unstable.
Treatment and Recovery Treatment of ischemic heart disease focuses on reducing symptoms and treating the underlying causes of the disease. An individualized treatment plan can include medications, lifestyle changes, medical procedures or surgery. Aspirin to prevent blood clots. Prognosis Prognosis for ischemic heart disease depends upon how early the condition and underlying causes are diagnosed and treated.
Stress is yet another cause that may create the condition, usually in conjunction with other symptoms. Eat a diet low in fat, cholesterol and salt Get exercise daily. Your physician can tailor a heart-healthy diet and daily exercise program for you to follow to reduce your risk of a heart attack. First, the heart must pump harder to get its needed oxygen supply. During this procedure, a thin tube catheter is inserted into a vein or artery via a small incision in the arm, neck or groin.
Ad There are a number of risk factors for developing this condition. Surgery Surgical treatment depends upon the severity of your ischemic heart disease. Watch what you eat, exercise and avoid smoking. Enlarged heart and lowered oxygen supply can create sudden arrhythmias, and total occlusion of a coronary artery could lead to incidence of heart attack.
Recovery After Surgery Depending upon your condition, you may have your procedure as an out-patient, or you could stay in the hospital up to five days. If heart enlargement is severe and danger of fatal myocardial infarction or life-threatening arrhythmias remains uncontrolled with an implanted defibrillator, then heart transplant may be required.
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