Movement, Power and Place in Central Asia and Beyond by Madeleine Reeves download in pdf, ePub, iPad
However, the emergence of Russia as a world power enabled Central Asia to continue its role as a conduit for overland trade of other sorts, now linking India with Russia on a north-south axis. And while many Jadids rose to prominence in the s, a cruel fate awaited them under Stalin. New Cyrillic writing systems were introduced, to break links with Turkey and Iran. But one of the most detailed and thoughtful studies of Jadidism focuses specifically on the phenomenon in Turkestan, or what would today be Uzbekistan and the adjoining parts of the Ferghana Valley. As such, it offers new insights into the complex intersections of movement, power and place in this important region over the last two centuries.
Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan have abundant oil and natural gas reserves and Uzbekistan's own reserves make it more or less self-sufficient. They lived in the last generation when Muslim intellectuals in different countries could communicate with each other without the use of European languages. Much of this movement was directed to Soviet Central Asia. After his death, however, the Persian empire rapidly crumbled.
These mounted archers were more mobile than any other force at the time, being able to travel forty miles per day with ease. Rather than invade, the Soviet Union established a network of consulates in the region and sent aid and technical advisors. Construction of these weapons required the infrastructure and economies of large societies and were thus impractical for nomadic peoples to produce.
The fact that there was no provincial governor meant that the local rulers retained most of their powers and this special status also prevented emigration from the rest of China into the region. These efforts were overseen by the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps. Russian expansion was halted in when Russia and Great Britain delineated the northern border of Afghanistan.
The Chinese Civil War further destabilised the region and saw Turkic nationalists make attempts at independence. Jadidism was not a movement in the strict sense, nor was it a purely Central Asian phenomenon.
Central Asian Jadidism was located squarely in the realm of Muslim modernism. The Mongol threat was overcome and much of Inner Mongolia was annexed to China. But Khalid shows that there was more to the conflict than this simple dichotomy between qadim and jadid, old and new. It was Muslim because its rhetorical structures were rooted in the Muslim tradition of Central Asia and because the Jadids derived ultimate authority for their arguments in Islam.
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