Natural Resources and Conflict in Africa by Abiodun Alao download in pdf, ePub, iPad
These resources are not going to be left in the ground. Africa has thus got stuck in resource dependence while other developing regions have moved on. Revenues from natural resources are an enormous opportunity for low-income African economies.
One is to run protection rackets against the companies or people who are the exporters. But the big brute fact is that civil war is heavily concentrated in countries with low income, in economic decline, and dependent upon natural resources. Similarly, Sudan has also experienced a high number of these oil-related conflicts.
Somalia sees a high number of directly-resource-related conflicts, largely driven by battles between clan militias over access to and control of land and water resources. Sierra Leone had a dramatically different experience. The economic and political governance of natural resource revenues was evidently absolutely vital in producing this massive divergence in outcome.
Globally, ethnically diverse societies are no more at risk of civil war than other societies. The government is able to ignore the concerns of the population.
Transparent competitive tendering must become the norm. South Sudan sees the second highest number of explicitly resource-related conflict during the time period examined. Rebel groups gain access to natural resource rents in several ways. In addition to these political economy effects there are two economic effects that increase the risk of civil war.
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