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He was baptized by his distant relative Arian Bishop Eusebius of Nicomedia. Until Nicaea, all previous Church Councils had been local or regional synods affecting only portions of the Church. Christians were arrested, tortured, mutilated, burned, starved, and condemned to gladiatorial contests to amuse spectators.

The Roman coins minted up to eight years after the battle still bore the images of Roman gods. Nicaea dealt primarily with the Arian controversy. Despite such pedagogical efforts, this book is not recommended for most undergraduate students, who would not be able to appreciate many of its arguments. The Edict of Milan did, however, raise the stock of Christianity within the empire and it reaffirmed the importance of religious worship to the welfare of the state.

After the Nicene council, and against its conclusions, he eventually recalled Arius from exile and banished Athanasius of Alexandria to Trier. Add a review and share your thoughts with other readers. Each chapter has material that should encourage readers to reconsider time-honored theories and explore new avenues forscholarly research. He supported the Church financially, had an extraordinary number of basilicas built, granted privileges e.

Divided into three parts, the first considers the efforts of Christians to construct their own philosophy, and their own patterns of the philosophic life, in opposition to Platonism. Emperors considered themselves responsible to the gods for the spiritual health of their subjects, and after Constantine they had a duty to help the Church define orthodoxy and maintain orthodoxy.

Up until this time he had been a catechuman for most of his adult life. Religions of the Constantinian Empire Mark Edwards. The reader gets the impression that the author has not forgotten to mention a single text bearing on the topic. During Eusebius of Nicomedia's time in the Imperial court, the Eastern court and the major positions in the Eastern Church were held by Arians or Arian sympathizers. The second assembles evidence of survival, variation or decay in religious practices which were never compulsory under Roman law.

Constantine himself was torn between the Arian and Trinitarian camps. These are established on close reading of the sources, of which the distinguished author possesses an unsurpassed knowledge, and on his marshaling of the vast scholarly literature. It is written in crisp language, and its thirteen chapters are at once concise and sharp.

Retrospectives, Christians and pagan. This is indeed the book of an intellectual rather than of a social historian. The most widespread official persecution was carried out by Diocletian.

He can thus highlight the emergence of new forms of saintliness philosophical as well as Christian. On the relationship between Manichaeism and Christianity, a possible impact of the former on the origins of Christian monasticism is convincingly raised. The author's decision to read such philosophical polemics within the broader framework ofreligious history offers a new and enlightening perspective. After his victory, Constantine took over the role of patron of the Christian faith.

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