The New Inquisitions by Arthur Versluis download in pdf, ePub, iPad
Yes, you read that correctly. However, the Reconquista did not result in the total expulsion of Muslims from Spain, since they, along with Jews, were tolerated by the ruling Christian elite. This goal, the hypothesis goes, might have given birth to the Spanish Inquisition. The trials were long and ended with prison sentences of differing lengths, though none of the sect were executed.
The penalties in serious cases were confiscation of property by the Inquisition or imprisonment. Its meddling attempts had been pivotal for Aragon's lose of Rosellon. The Spanish Inquisition was unique at the time because it did not depend on the Pope in the slightest. The recent scholarship on the expulsion of the Jews leans towards the belief of religious motivations being at the bottom of it. As the Inquisition had the backing of both kingdoms, it would exist independent of both the nobility and local interests of either kingdom.
Castile refused steadily, trusting on its prominent position in Europe and its military power to keep the Pope interventionism in check. In the book, Kramer stated his view that witchcraft was to blame for bad weather.
Though the pope wanted to crack down on abuses, Ferdinand pressured him to promulgate a new bull, threatening that he would otherwise separate the Inquisition from Church authority. It explains the creation of the Inquisition as the result of exactly the same forces than the creation of similar entities across Europe. They maintained that Kramer could not legally function in their areas. The papacy and the monarch of Europe had been involved in a war for power all through the high Middle Ages that Rome had already won in other powerful kingdoms like France.
In that note, accusations or prosecutions due to beliefs held by enemy countries must be seen as political accusations regarding political treason more than as religious ones. In contrast to the previous inquisitions, it operated completely under royal Christian authority, though staffed by clergy and orders, and independently of the Holy See. Members of the episcopate were charged with surveillance of the faithful and punishment of transgressors, always under the direction of the king. Considering this double standard, its role was probably more complex and specific.
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